« Actually, it makes me smile, » California Congressman Jimmy Gomez said in an interview. « It`s ironic. They praise the most advanced trade agreement in the history of this country. In 1984, Congress passed and concluded the Trade and Tariff Act, which was based on the old Trade Act of 1974. The Act gave « rapid » power to negotiate bilateral free trade agreements and streamline negotiations. The overall effect of the agricultural agreement between Mexico and the United States is controversial. Mexico has not invested in the infrastructure needed for competition, such as efficient railways and highways. This has led to more difficult living conditions for the country`s poor. Mexico`s agricultural exports increased by 9.4% per year between 1994 and 2001, while imports increased by only 6.9% per year over the same period. [69] U.S.

President Donald Trump, angered by Canada`s « nearly 300 per cent » milk tax, has threatened to leave Canada from NAFTA. [67] Since 1972, Canada has been working to establish a supply management system that is under pressure from the United States, with a focus on the dairy industry. But that has not yet been done, as Quebec, which owns about half of the country`s dairy farms, continues to support supply management. [67] The agreement came into force under Bush`s successor, Bill Clinton, who himself signed the agreement on December 8, 1993. The trade agreement came into force in January 1994. Government programs to help workers adapt to these changes have proven to be a band-aid for a deep wound that has never been healed. When China`s entry into the global economy in 2001 accelerated the loss of U.S. factory jobs, NAFTA became a strong symbol for unions, many Democrats and Mr. Trump, where U.S.

trade policy went awry. The free trade agreement was concluded in 1988 and NAFTA extended most of the provisions of the free trade agreement to Mexico. NAFTA was negotiated by the governments of U.S. President George H.W. Bush, Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and Mexican Prime Minister Carlos Salinas de Gortari. An interim agreement on the pact was reached in August 1992 and signed by the three heads of state and government on 17 December. NAFTA was ratified by the national parliaments of the three countries in 1993 and came into force on January 1, 1994.