From the end of the 19th century, the majority of the Irish population wanted the British government to grant Ireland a form of self-management. The Irish Nationalist Party sometimes held the balance of power in the House of Commons in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, a position it sought to obtain the rule of the house, which would have given Ireland autonomy in domestic affairs without dissolving the United Kingdom. In 1886 and 1893, the House of Commons passed two bills that granted Ireland the rule of the house, but was rejected by the House of Lords. With the passage of the Parliament Act in 1911 by the Liberal government (which reduced the powers of the Lords by two years from the passage of parliamentary bills to the delay in their implementation), it was clear that the house rule would likely come into force over the next five years. The Home Rule Party had been involved for nearly fifty years. However, in the parliamentary elections of 30 November 2003, sinn Féin and the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) developed as the main parties in each commune, which was seen as a difficult restoration of decentralised institutions. However, serious discussions between the political parties and the British and Irish governments have shown steady, albeit blissful, progress throughout 2004, and the DUP, in particular, has surprised many observers with its newly discovered pragmatism. However, an agreement between Sinn Féin and the DUP failed in December 2004 due to a dispute over the need for photographic evidence for the downgrading of the IRA and the IRA`s refusal to provide such evidence. On 10 April 1998, the so-called Good Friday Agreement (or Belfast Agreement) was signed. The agreement helped end a period of conflict in the region, known as a riot. 36 The British and Irish governments responded to the collapse of the inter-communal executive with a joint declaration in May 2003, in which they presented proposals for the full implementation of the Good Friday Agreement in a manner likely to satisfy all parties.

Alongside the declaration, governments issued proposals to deal with suspected terrorism suspects who had not been able to benefit from the provisions of the Good Friday Agreement for their early release, as well as an independent monitoring body to assess the level of paramilitary activities.